Journal of Biology and Today's World

"Self-care Behavior Promotion among Type 2 Diabetic Patients: A Randomized Controlled Trial"

Abstract

Author(s): Leila Davari, Ahmad Ali Eslami, Akbar Hassanzadeh, Mehdi Mirzaei Alavijeh, Gholam Reza Mahmoodi

"Diabetes mellitus is one of the most common metabolic disorders and one of the most important health problems in worldwide. Diabetes self-care is essential for prevention of disease complications. The purpose of this study is evaluating efficiency of self-care promotion educational program intervention among Type 2 diabetic patients in Khoramabad, Iran. In a randomized controlled trial, overall, sixty-four type 2 diabetic patients referred to Khorramabad diabetes center participated in this study and randomly divided into intervention (32 patients) and control (32 patients) group. Data were collected by filling a standard questionnaire, and analyzed by SPSS version 15. Our findings shows significant improvements in nutrition, physical activity and self-measurement of blood glucose (P < 0.05) after training intervention, but there is no significant improvement in foot care and adherence to medication regimen (P > 0.05) among intervention group. Based on our findings, it is recommended designing an education program for diabetic patients mainly focused on the self-care behaviors."

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