Journal of Biology and Today's World

"Prevalence of Enterobius Vermicularis (pinworm) in Kermanshah city nurseries, using Graham: 2014"

Abstract

Author(s): "Zahra Sha-Mohammadi, Fariba Ghahramani, Mohammad Mahboubi, Farzad Jalilian, Mina Neiakane-Shahri, Mohsen Mohammadi

"OXY-URIASIS is one of the most prevalent parasitic diseases in children and over 200 million people on Earth are infected. Aim of this study was an investigation of prevalence of Enterobius Vermicularis in Kermanshah city nurseries. This was a cross sectional (descriptive - analysis) study. Clustered Random Sampling was done, data was collected by questionnaire. According to the prevalence of this disease, Sample size was a determined 92 subjects in Kermanshah city nurseries. Samples were examined in the Kermanshah reference laboratory of parasitology. CHI-SQUARE test was used to determine the relationship between infection and different variables. Data was analyzed by using (SPSS version 18). In this study, 95 children were observed from the kindergartens in Kermanshah. In 14.7% of the children, oxy-uriasis (pinworm) was diagnosed. In total 13.7% children were infected for the first time. Significant relationship between sex and oxy-uriasis were observed. Among these children 7% had sucking habits, 14.3% had itching symptoms and 57% had signs of fatigue. The relationship between father s job and mother s job with Oxy-uriasis was statistically significant. The prevalence of oxy-uriasis among children in Kermanshah city kindergartens was 14.7%. Attention to personal hygiene by parents can help in reducing the disease. In all societies, whether poor or rich, if they do not observe hygiene and care towards children prevalence of this disease will increase .female children pay more attention to health and hygiene therefore they are less prone to Oxy uriasis."

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