Journal of Biology and Today's World

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Prevalence and Socio-Demographic Characteristics Related to Stress, Anxiety, and Depression among Patients with Major Tha-lassemia in the Kermanshah County


Author(s): Firoozeh Khamoushi, Seyed Mojtaba Ahmadi, Behzad Karami-Matin, Touraj Ahmadi-Jouybari, Mehdi Mirzaei-Alavijeh, Mohammad Mahboubi, Mari Ataee

Thalassemia is one of the most common chronic and genetic blood disorders in the world that can followed by several complications, such as mental disorders. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and so-cio-demographic characteristics associated with stress, anxiety and depression among patients with thalasse-mia major in Kermanshah during 2014. This cross-sectional study done among 64 patients with thalassemia ma-jor during 2014; in the participants were randomly selected among patients who referred to Mohammad Kerman-shahi hospital in the Kermanshah County to take part in this study. A standard questionnaire (DASS-21) which analyzed stress, anxiety and depression was applied for collecting data and data were analyzed by SPSS ver-sion 20 using chi-square statistical tests. The mean age of respondents was 22.31 years [95% CI: 20.42, 24.21], ranged from 14 to 58 years. Findings showed the 60.9%, 59.4 % and 18.8 % of the respondents were suffering from extremely severe anxiety, depression, and stress, respectively. Furthermore, our findings showed marital status and job have significant relationship with anxiety (P<0.05); education level has significant relationship with depression (P<0.05). Our findings indicated high level of prevalence of mental disorder among patients with thalassemia major. These results can be warning to health policy makers in Iran; and should be the focus of special attention.

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