Journal of Biology and Today's World

"Pap smear test Promotion among Women: An Educational Intervention Based on Theory of Planned Behavior"

Abstract

Author(s): Mehdi Mirzaei-Alavijeh, Behzad Karami-Matin, Farzad Jalilian, Fatemeh Rakhshani, Mohammad Mahboubi, Shohreh Emdadi3

"Cervical cancer is the second most common cancer among women in the world and the most common cancer in the developing countries. Pap smear is the single effective method in reducing deaths happening because of cervical cancer. This study was conducted to evaluate the Pap smear tests promotional intervention efficiency among women in Iran with the theory of planned behavior applied as theoretical framework. This interventional study was accomplished by choosing 120 women in two health Centers randomly divided into experimental and control groups. Three months after the educational intervention results were evaluated. Participants responded to the standard self-report questionnaire. Data were analyzed by SPSS-16. It found significant improvements in average response for Attitude (P=0.004), subjective norms (P<0.001), perceived behavior control (P=0.010) and behavioral intention (P=0.000) toward undergoing Pap smear among intervention group. Additionally after intervention, the rate of doing Pap smear test was increased among intervention group (P=0.013). This study indicated the educational program based on theory of planned behavior could encourage the women to do Pap smear test."

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