Journal of Biology and Today's World

"Gender Differences in Communication with People Who Stutter: A brief research of Attitude, Subjective Norms and Behavior Intention"

Abstract

Author(s): Mari Ataee, TourajAhmadi Jouybari, Farzad Jalilian, Mehdi Mirzaei Alavijeh, Ayob Valadbeigi, Farzad Weisi, Abbas Aghaei, Mohammad Mahboubi

"The most important role of language is its communicative function, stuttering can disrupt this function. Our study focused on exploring gender differences in attitude, subjective norms and behavior intention toward communication with people who stutter. This crosssectional study is based on 240 boys and girls high school students in Hamadan County, the west of Iran, during 2013. Participants filled out a standard self-report questionnaire. Data were analyzed by SPSS version 21 using bivariate correlations, and linear regression statistical tests at 95% significant level. Our findings showed, attitude and subjective norm variables accounted for 59% of the variation in the outcome measure of the behavioural intention (R2=59% & P<0.01). Girl students have a better subjective norm and more intention to communicate with the people who stutter. Wrong beliefs could have prevented normal communication, due to misconceptions about people who stutter, our study recommends implementing training programs In order to change wrong beliefs about people who stutter especially for the adolescents."

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