Author(s): Ali Akbar Rahimianfar, Samane Sadat Javadi, Hamide Dehghani, Mohammad Taghi Sareban, Tayebe Akbarzade, Afsane Eslami, Fateme Rahimianfar, Anahita Khosravi
"Patients undergoing open heart surgery due to various reasons become depressed and anxious. In this study, therefore, we attempted investigate the impact of training on the anxiety level of the patients candidate for coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG). This is a quasi-experimental study. The samples were 70 patients admitted to coronary artery bypass surgery in Yazd Afshar Hospital. The patients were randomly divided into two equal groups experimental and control. Experimental group were patients trained before surgery by using the training booklet, but the control group only received usual training. Data collection consisted of two parts; demographic information and Anxiety Inventory Spielberg questionnaire for determining the anxiety level. The results obtained by using the statistical software SPSS and descriptive statistics, comparison of means, paired t-test, and ANOVA, were analyzed. The mean age of the samples was 54.47 ±10.26 years. On admission the mean anxiety score for the control group was 34.62 ± 5.31 and for the experimental group 37.97±7.39. However after training, in the experimental group, the anxiety means score was 25.91±6.65 whereas in the control group was 33.71±5.07. Anxiety level in the experimental group compared with control group before training significantly reduced. (P-Value=0.04) No relationship was found between the patients’ educational level, sex, and the mean score on anxiety score between the two groups before and after training. Based on the findings of this research, it can be concluded that training by “training books” before open heart surgery can be a solution to reduce the patient anxiety. It is recommended, therefore, that nurses make use of this method alongside other interventions to provide comfort to patients."
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