Journal of Biology and Today's World

"Education Based on BASNEF Model; an Affective Education on Regular Use of Nutritional Supplements during Pregnancy"

Abstract

Author(s): Seyed Mohammad Mehdi Hazavehei, Tahereh Etesamifard, Babak Moeini, Ghodratollah Roshanaei, Mohammad Mahboubi

"Pregnancy is an important period for both mother and fetal. One of the common problems during pregnancy is a deficiency of nutrients like folic acid, iron, vitamins and minerals which shows its side effects on fetal. The aim of this study was to design and implement educational programs on regular uptake of food supplements during pregnancy among pregnant women in the west of Iran. BASNEF model was applied as theoretical framework for this survey. Overall, 88 pregnant women were selected randomly to participate in this survey as intervention and control group. Present study designed to be an intervention-experimental study. Cross-tabulation and t-test through using the SPSS statistical package, version 16, were used for statistical analysis. Our findings indicated that the mean scores of knowledge and BASNEF Model variables were significantly increased in the experimental group immediately compared to the controls two months after intervention. Moreover, supplements behavior usage (81.56% before intervention, 92.17 % after the intervention and 99.24% two months after the intervention in experimental group) improved significantly among experimental group, compared to control group,which was statistically significant (P < 0.05). It seems that designing and implementing educational intervention based on the BASNEF Model to regular uptake of food supplements during pregnancy among pregnant women could be a beneficial result to increase women’s health."

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