Journal of Biology and Today's World

"Drug abuse Pattern and Frequency of High Risk Behaviors of the Clients at Outpatient Addiction Treatment Centers"

Abstract

Author(s): Abolhasan Afkar1, Fardin Mehrabian2, Said Omidi-Khalky3*, Mohammad Mahboubi4

"Today, the issue of addiction to narcotics or drug abuse has evolved into a global and a universal problem. This study was performed with the intention of determining the drug abuse pattern and high risk behaviors among the clients to DIC of Private sector of Rasht. This is a cross-sectional study in 2013.The questionnaire contained 10 general questions about demographic characteristics and 30 specific questions about drug abuse and its high-risk behaviors. This questionnaire was completed via interviewing the addicts. The reliability of the questionnaire was checked using Cronbach's alpha (α=0.86). SPSS software was used to analyze the results and, descriptive statistics such as frequency tables and inferential statistics including the chi-square test were used. The average age of patients was 38.8. Opium and crack were the most widely used narcotics among the subjects respectively before referring to DIC centers. In addition, 9.8% of them had a history of using injectable drugs among which 20.6% had used shared needle for injection. 80.9 % had experienced sexual intercourse, among which 48.4% were unmarried. There was a significant statistical relationship between men and women (p=0.001). There was a significant statistical relationship between running away from home and the consumption of narcotics (p=0.002). Results also indicated that committing suicide had a positive significant relationship with the variations of age (p=0.001) and the age of smoking onset (p=0.002) and method of its use (p=0.003). This study knows the following items as the main high-risk behaviors of addicts: taking narcotics by injection, using common syringe and needle, blood playing background, imprisonment background, making homosexual intercourses, suicide, and using no condom during sexual intercourse."

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