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Assessment of Food Security Status with lipid profile and body mass index in patients with type 2 diabetes


Author(s): Seyed Amirhossein zehni Moghadam, Maryam Javadi, Asghar Mohammadpour Asl, Adeleh Khodabakhshi

"Food insecurity is defined as limited or uncertain availability of adequate and safe food for an active and healthy life at all times. Diabetes is the most common metabolic disease that has recently been proposed as a health priority in Iran. Recent studies have indicated widespread food insecurity and diabetes in the population of Iran. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between food security with serum lipids and body mass index in type 2 diabetic patients who were referred to diabetes centers of Tehran. This descriptive study included 243 individuals over 25 years old with type 2 diabetes who were selected from two diabetes center in south and east of Tehran. The required information was collected by demographic and validated 18-item food security questionnaire that was proposed by United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). ANOVA and Chi-squared test were used for data analysis. 31% of diabetic patients were located in the food secure group, 59.7% were among insecure group without hunger and 8.6% of patients were in the insecure group with hunger. No significant relationship was observed between food security with lipid profiles and body mass index of type 2 diabetic patients (p>0.05). No significant relationship was seen between food security with lipid profile and body mass index in patients with type 2 diabetes. Due to the high prevalence of food insecurity in patients with type 2 diabetes, applying a longitudinal study in this area is recommended."

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